If you have diabetes, you probably know that you should have periodic eye exams to make sure that your eyes are not being affected by the disease. At Vision Quest, our expert optometrist, Dr. Xiaoying Zhu, provides comprehensive eye exams, part of which is a screening for diabetic retinopathy in East Rockaway NY.
Diabetic retinopathy in East Rockaway NY is a collective term for several different types of vision problems that are caused by consistently elevated levels of sugar in the bloodstream. Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina of your eye and the blood vessels which surrounded and nourish it. Diabetic retinopathy can lead to impaired vision and even blindness. Generally it will get worse over many years. In the beginning, the blood vessels in the eye become weak. They may start to leak blood and other fluids into the retina. When this occurs it is called non- proliferative retinopathy. This is the most common type of diabetic retinopathy. When fluids leak into the center of your eye you may experience blurred vision. Generally when people have this type of diabetic retinopathy they have no symptoms in the early stages. Diabetic retinopathy can easily be found during a comprehensive eye exam where the eye doctor closely examines the retina and its surrounding blood vessels. If diabetic retinopathy is found, there are additional diagnostic tests which can be performed to show the exact extent of the retinopathy. Sometimes new blood vessels will even grow on the retina. These weakened blood vessels can easily break open. When this occurs, blood will leak into the middle of your eye, cause vision problems, and cause scar tissues to form. The scar tissue can pull on the retina and cause the retina to move away from the back wall of the eye. When this occurs you have proliferative retinopathy. It is important to have periodic eye exams to make sure that the retina is not becoming detached. Treatments of diabetic retinopathy are mainly preventive, but laser therapy is effective in some cases.
To see our optometrist regarding diabetic retinopathy in East Rockaway NY, contact us today.